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How Does Physical Activity Intervention Improve Self-Esteem and Self-Concept in Children and Adolescents? Evidence from a Meta-Analysis.

Overview

The objective of this course is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis for the effects of physical activity intervention on self-esteem and self-concept in children and adolescents, and to identify moderator variables by meta-regression.

Relevant studies were identified through a comprehensive search of electronic databases. Study inclusion criteria were:
(1) intervention should be supervised physical activity,
(2) reported sufficient data to estimate pooled effect sizes of physical activity intervention on self-esteem or self-concept,
(3) participants' ages ranged from 3 to 20 years, and
(4) a control or comparison group was included.

There was no significant effect of intervention of physical activity alone on any outcomes in non-RCTs, as well as in studies with intervention of physical activity combined with other strategies.
It was concluded that intervention of physical activity alone is associated with increased self-concept and self-worth in children and adolescents. And there is a stronger association with school-based and gymnasium-based intervention compared with other settings.

Acknowledgement

Author:
Liu M, Wu L, Ming Q

Journal:
PLoS One.



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