Pregnancy following robot-assisted laparoscopic partial cystectomy and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment within three months in an infertile woman with bladder endometriosis


Endometriosis is a benign disease defined as endometrial tissue implanting outside the uterine cavity and often causes dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, dyspareunia and infertility. The prevalence of endometriosis has been reported in up to 50% of infertile women. This article serves to report an infertility case of deep-infiltrating bladder endometriosis conceiving following robot-assisted surgery and modified gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) treatment.

Case report: A 33-year-old infertile female presenting with dysmenorrhea was found to have a bladder mass by pelvic ultrasound. Cystoscopy revealed a protruding tumour from the posterior bladder wall, and endometriosis was highly suspected. Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial cystectomy was performed for the deep-infiltrating bladder endometriosis. With postoperative half-dose GnRHa treatment and timed intercourse, she got pregnant within 3 months.

It was concluded that robot-assisted complete resection of deep-infiltrating endometriosis and bladder repair immediately followed by GnRHa therapy and medical assistance improves reproductive outcomes efficiently in women with endometriosis-associated infertility


Shun-Jen Tan, Chi-Huang Chen, Shauh-Der Yeh, Yun-Ho Lin, Chii-Ruey Tzeng

Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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